It has been suggested in the literature that prevalence rates of violence towards their (step)children do not significantly differ between mothers and fathers. Moreover, certain types of violence towards children, like neonaticide (killing of a baby younger than 24 hours), infanticide (killing of a baby younger than one year), and Munchausen by Proxy syndrome are almost exclusively committed by mothers.
Differences have been found between women and men killing their own child. Mothers were more often diagnosed with depression and psychoses, were more often suicidal and more often had a history of severe abuse. Fathers more often had financial problems and alcohol abuse problems (Putkonen et al., 2011). Usually, the victims were older than victims of mothers and the offense more often concerned a familicide. Fathers were more often held responsible by the court for their offense compared to mothers